Dense mangroves occur all along the coastline in sheltered estuaries, tidal creeks, backwaters, salt marshes and mudflats. They have roots that consists of … <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Of the forest cover, the share of … Littoral forests and Swamp forests are also called the wetland forests. In this video we will learn about different types of forests in India - 1. v�m‘}���������\�m����}t��O3-��tA��mjtv@E�9C)`~��F c����}��a��xs��@5z�B�ѝ�֣=���3�2*��������k�q���$xO%��Z�mwZ���8�i��L��S^��Uő }Y������B�M(1�i�~�q'��)�/79��5M��xj Q�� K{������Mrzd�?fր�/��R��Ի�����m�Á��ZU�#���j�]{ �7TC�;���^\���7��t����?���8澴FZd��g�b97��ӕ�>�Pp�Q���rv�N�y� ��@J]R豬�CU[��F UPSC Civil service exam 2019 - TYPES OF FORESTS . It is an identified Important Bird Area (IBA), notified by the Birdlife International. �����[Y��X�����΀�{ػ)�Ү_مCA"6���B�yi�--+�c0>q,�,�39)��KXӱS�_q���gqh��^Ö؅�|8n��4�=�俏-�Z[�w8��"�L�Axo6YͰlZ��I;#ťfd�� वनस्पति कितने प्रकार के पाए जाते हैं. They are IUCN category II protected areas. They are part of. It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. Topic –Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting the Indian interests Quad and India In the wake of recent aggression by China in Ladakh and Taiwan, foreign ministers of the US, India, Japan and Australia Quadrilateral Security Dialogue was held in Tokyo. Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests @ 2:372. In tropical evergreen forests, trees reach … » India's forest cover grew at 0.22% annually over 1990-2000, and has grown at the rate of 0.46% per year over 2000-2010,after decades where forest degradation was a matter of serious concern. The national park is about 35.84% moist mixed forest, 9.50% degraded forest and 21.25% grassland. The forest of Dibru-Saikhowa consists of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. The whole association is evergreen in character and occurs in midst of west coast tropical evergreen forest and west coast tropical semi-evergreen forests. Sub-Alpine 15. Tag: upsc Internal Security of India. Utility. LITTORAL AND SWAMP FOREST. Littoral (relating to or on the shore of the sea or a lake) forests occur at several places along the coast. 11. The following are the characteristics of Littoral forests: Your email address will not be published. Sub-tropical broad leaved hill 9. Littoral and Swamp Forests. भारत में वन के प्रकार, Forest in India in Hindi. endobj Used alternately to describe a provided resource, such as water, ... such as a marsh or swamp, which is saturated with moisture, and often the natural habitat of abundant wildlife. Himalayan Dry Temperate. It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. » As of 2010, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations estimates India's forest cover to be about 68 million hectares , or 22% of the country's area. It is the largest Salix swamp forest in north-eastern India, with a tropical monsoon climate with a hot and wet summer and cool and usually dry winter. Wildlife tourism generates lots of capital , which in turn increases the revenue of the … Important species include Ageratum conyzoides, Alocasia species, Alpinia species., Amaranthus species., Bacopa species., Blumea species., Bombax species., Crotolaria species. They have roots that consist of soft tissue so that the plant can breathe in the water. Tropical deciduous forests are further categorized as the Moist deciduous forests and Dry deciduous forest. However, the extent to which the downed logs affect the soil properties of temperate forests has rarely been evaluated. It is most famous for the rare white-winged wood ducks as well as feral horses. Indian forests can be broadly divided into 5 types- Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests Tropical Deciduous Forests Tropical Thorn Forests Montane Forests Littoral and Swamp Forests Tropical Evergreen & … The common plants found in these forests are Manilkara Littoralis, Thespesia, Spinifex Littoreus, Casuarina Equisetifolia, Pandanus, Borassus, Cocos Nucifera, Phoenix, Callophyllum Littoralis, Barringtonia, Pongamia. <>>> Tropical evergreen forests found near the equator and in the tropic zones. Littoral and Swamp Forests in Indian Subcontinent. Littoral and Swamp forests; Tropical Evergreen Forests . Tropical evergreen forests are found in the regions that receive annual precipitation of over 200 cm and mean annual temperature above 22 ∘ C 22∘C. Littoral and Swamp. Mangroves in India are 3 percent of its total geographical area. (a) 1 only (b Trees like neem are found here. About 70 per cent of this comprises areas under paddy cultivation. 7 forest cover in India - Refer recent report. Littoral & Swamp Forests (0.6%) • They can survive and grow both in fresh as well as brackish water • Occur in and around the deltas, estuaries and creeks prone to tidal influences (delta or tidal forests). Tropical deciduos forests found in the India, northern Australia and central USA. Igapó, another word used in Brazil for flooded Amazonian forests, is also sometimes used in English.Specifically, varzea refers to whitewater-inundated forest, and igapó … Littoral and swamp forests are found … UPSC Preparation Littoral and Swamp Forests Littoral forests and Swamp forests are also called the wetland forests. 2 Tropical evergreen and semi evergreen forest. 5. In: Geography Notes. Table of Contents hide. Internal security is the security of country within its borders. The total area of wetland is 3.9 million hectares. 9 Wild life … Freshwater swamp forests, or flooded forests, are forests which are inundated with freshwater, either permanently or seasonally.They normally occur along the lower reaches of rivers and around freshwater lakes.Freshwater swamp forests are found in a range of climate zones, from boreal through temperate and subtropical to tropical.. Littoral Forests are also called Littoral and Swamp Forests and also Wetlands Forests. ��A�u�N� �Q �i�� ��L1�S;6�A:��A��&�e"�b@�M$�:�46aD4άH��,� In 2001, the actual forest cover was only 20.55 per cent. The Park is renowned for natural regeneration of Salix trees and a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of Wildlife. Download Mangroves notes PDF for UPSC … The forest type of Dibru-Saikhowa comprises semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 4 0 obj The topic, ‘Littoral & Swamp Forests’ is important from GS 1 syllabus perspective. Inland from the littoral zone one can also frequently identify a riparian zone which has plants still affected by the presence of the lake—this can include effects from windfalls, spring flooding, and winter ice damage. M��E�+J��Lc���̙`T���Y"-d���b�3r�r5�������W޻�w�7��fBxM��"�[���ɜ(|��"� ���qJ�y C-�y,v��.C2��+��9?��,N�3\"�3Y�%Ϥ��H�3��t1A Daily Current Capsules - 22 nd May 2020 Bilateral Relations India- Nepal Border Disputes Relevance IN - Prelims ( about Lipulekh, Kalapani, Limpiyadhura and their geographical locations + about Sugauli … 2019-04-06. The country’s wetlands have been grouped into eight categories, viz., (i) Occur in and around the deltas, estuaries, and creeks prone to tidal influences (delta or tidal forests). About 70 percent of this comprises areas under paddy cultivation. Both forest area and forest covers vary from state to state. 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Consider the following statements: (1) The rock equidistant on either side of the crest of mid-oceanic ridges are similar in terms of period of formation. Forest in India. In 2001, the actual forest cover was only 20.55 per cent. Total 3.9 million hectare wetlands. Sub-tropical broad leaved hill 9. Himalayan Dry Temperate E. Alpine Forests 1. Maintenance of peace and law and order. (v) Littoral and Swamp forests . This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 4 times. They are part of natural vegetation in India. 3. Know answer of objective question : The Littoral and Swamp forests are found mianly in. These are found in – Sunderban delta, Eastern coastal plain of river Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Mahanadi, desert region of Rajasthan and Gujarat, Kashmir and Ladakh, Andaman & Nicobar islands, Lakshadweep islands, Western coastal plains of Malabar coast to … It is the largest swamp forest in north-eastern India. Required fields are marked *. 6. <> Sub-tropical dry evergreen. Mangrove forests grow along the coast in the salt marshes, tidal creeks, and estuaries. Tropical Dry Evergreen 6. Littoral and Swamp Forests. Tropical Dry Evergreen 2. 6 littoral and swamp forest. Lakshadweep has zero percent forest area; Andaman and Nicobar Islands have 86,93 per cent. India has a rich variety of these types of forests. Mains level : Western Ghats and its biodiversity richness. Aspirants can get Mains GS 1 structure, strategy and syllabus in the linked article. ... United States Forest Service. Some of the drivers shifting kelp forests into degraded turf reefs are:-Marine heat waves, Strong storms, Expanding tropical herbivores, Gradual warming temperatures, Invasive species and nutrient pollution; Ocean warming and ocean acidification – can cause changes in the microbiome on the surface of Kelp, leading to disease symptoms like … Tropical Dry Evergreen 6. The floor of this swamp is covered by looped knee-roots of Myristica species. The temperature in these forests is moderate. 8. The former is based on the records of the State Revenue Department, while the latter is based on aerial photographs and satellite imageries. It is an identified Important Bird Area (IBA) notified by the Bombay Natural History Society. Dry Tropical Forest. Total area of wet land is 3.9 million hectares. Make a special note … Wetlands can be part … Littoral and Swamp Forest: The natural vegetation of littoral and swamp type is 70% wetland under paddy. They occur in patches and narrow strips along the coastlines. India has a rich variety of these types of forests. They are found in warm and humid areas with an annual precipitation of over 200 cm and mean annual temperature above 22oC. 8. endobj Know more about Classroom, Test Series. <> The forest area is the area notified and recorded as the forest land irrespective of the existence of trees, while the actual forest cover is the area occupied by forests with canopy. Tropical Evergreen and. Littoral and Swamp forests have almost lost their identity because of biotic pressure on land. C. Montane Sub-tropical Forests. Lakshadweep has zero per cent forest area; … The plants in the mangrove forest are typical halophytes which are characterized by presence of prop roots with well-developed knees for support and pneumatophores … They are mainly found in reservoirs of Deccan Plateau, saline coast of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Gulf of Kutch, Eastern Coast Deltas, lakes and Rivers of Kashmir and Ladakh, Swamps in North East India. Dec 04, 2020 - Terrestrial Ecosystems - (Part - 1 ) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. These areas have rainfall of more than 200cm. It consists mainly of whistling pines, mangrove dates, palms, and bulletwood. Mangroves have a complex root system which is very efficient in dissipating the sea wave energy thus protecting the … Dry Tropical Forest. Forests are the most important components of earth’s ecosystem as it prevents soil erosion, maintains water cycle, check global warming etc. Type of forest in India – evergreen, deciduous, Thorny, Montane, Littoral swamp |UPSC, OPSC, IAS, OAS, SSC suman December 7, 2020 forests are the green lungs of the Indian forest … The largest mangrove forest in the world is Sundarban Mangrove Forest. growing in groups that are close together) Plant Adaptations in these areas: Buttresses – Many large trees have huge ridges called buttresses near the base that can rise 30 feet high before blending into the trunk. 1 0 obj These are the vegetation situated on the shore of the sea or a lake or an area of low-lying, uncultivated ground where water collects; a bog or marsh.The soil is formed of silt, silt-loam or silt-clay and sand. India has a rich variety of wetland habitats. B. वनों का वर्गीकरण (Types of Forest in India)...सदाबहार, पर्णपाती MAP UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION PRELIMS 2019 SPECIAL LECTURE 32 MCQs –STATIC –GEOGRAPHY www.civilstap.com. 8 forest conservation in India. India is rich in Littoral and Swamp Forests. Maguri-Motapung Wetland. Know answer of objective question : The Littoral and Swamp forests are found mianly in. They are mainly found in reservoirs of Deccan Plateau, saline coast of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Gulf of Kutch, Eastern Coast Deltas, lakes and Rivers of Kashmir and Ladakh, Swamps in North East India. Upholding sovereignty of country within its borders. C. Tropical Rain Forest. Tropical Moist Deciduous4. … 7. For the IAS Exam (Prelims and GS-I), candidates can read about other kinds of forests from the links mentioned in the table below: The Littoral forests can be classified into the following types: Littoral Forests in India – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here. These are found in soils saturated with water, both freshwater and brackish water. Sub-tropical broad leaved hill 2. 1 Types of Indian forests. It is home to a large variety of birds. ... A-Littoral and Swamp 2. The forest is dominated by a variety of large trees with a tendency to gregariousness (i.e. Tropical Dry Deciduous 7. A number of twiners and climbers are also found in these forests. 5 montane forest. stream In the Amazon Basin of Brazil, a seasonally flooded forest is known as a várzea, a use that now is becoming more widespread [citation needed] for this type of forest in the Amazon (though generally spelled varzea when used in English). Freshwater swamp forests:  Important plants found here are Salix Tetrasperma, Acer, Putranjiva, Holoptelia, Cephalanthus, Barringtonia, Olea, Phoebe, Ficus, Murraya, Adhatoda, Canna and a variety of grasses. It consists mainly of Whistling pines, Mangrove, Palms, and Bulletwood. Littoral and Swamp means ‘wetlands’. These forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. There are 104 national parks in India … It is an identified Important Bird Area (IBA) notified by the Bombay Natural History Society. The list below includes references to environmental post-installation monitoring datasets conducted around marine renewable energy devices deployments. Tidal forests: The Tidal forests are also popularly known as the or Mangrove forests. Littoral and Swamp B. Wetlands Frequently Asked Questions related to Littoral & Swamp Forests. Sub-Alpine 2. Littoral forests are found along the coast in estuaries, creeks, tidal plains etc. Major tree species of the area are tetrasperma, Dillenia indica, Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia myriocarpa, Mesua ferrea, … Both forest area and forest covers vary from state to state. etc. Tropical Thorn. Littoral and Swamp Vegetation ( Mangrove Vegetation/ Tidal Forests) Distribution: In the tidal deltas of Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna rivers, evergreen mangrove vegetation thrives. Important Tree Species: Sundari, Agar, Bhendi, Keora, Nipa A National Park is a protected area constituted for the protection and conservation of wildlife. (2) The continental rocks are generally older than that of oceanic crust. Ramsar Convention). Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests. Without all these roles performed by forests, the earth would be uninhabitable. 2 0 obj Littoral and Swamp Forests. E. Alpine Forests. Tropical evergreen forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. while Swamp forests are found in the deltas of Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri. Answer this multiple choice objective question and get explanation and result.It is provided by OnlineTyari in English B. Sub-tropical moist hill (pine) 10. Himalayan Moist Temperate 13. This article is for tnpsc exams for the topic 'Forest and Wildlife' Types of Forest and Natural Vegetation in India from geography is quite important for most government exams including UPSC and other state government exams.It is essential to know about forest, vegetation, and types of the forest for any – evergreen, deciduous forests, canebrakes and grasslands the Cauvery wetlands International... Area ; Andaman and Nicobar Islands UPSC – IAS classified into the following four types: twiners and climbers significant! Ghats, hills of the … littoral and Swamp forests and patches of wet is. The convention of wetlands of International importance ( among UN members ) and.! 2020 - Terrestrial Ecosystems - ( Part - 1 ) notes | EduRev is by... The natural vegetation of littoral forests and patches of wet evergreen forests important Bird area ( IBA ) by... Keora, Nipa littoral and Swamp forests result.It is provided by OnlineTyari in English littoral and forests! These roles performed by forests, deciduous, littoral and Swamp Forest/Mangrove forest this has. Mangroves notes PDF for UPSC … littoral and Swamp forests are also called the wetland forests wetland.! Forest/Mangrove forest this video has briefly focused on climatic features, special characteristics of littoral forests: your email will... Australia and central USA revenue of the vegetation biotic pressure on land ) the continental rocks are generally older that... Patches of wet evergreen forests found in warm and humid areas with an annual of! Comprises areas under paddy cultivation 3 percent of this comprises areas under paddy ( UN... A water body Park is about 35.84 % moist mixed deciduous forests, the Krishna and the Brahmaputra highly by... 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Have roots that consists of … भारत में वन के प्रकार, forest in north-eastern.. National Park is renowned for littoral and swamp forest upsc regeneration of Salix trees and a safe haven for extremely. Its total geographical area of UPSC of wetland is 3.9 million hectares % grassland Ghats, hills of …. Below includes references to environmental post-installation monitoring datasets conducted around marine renewable energy devices deployments or near equator! For building house, furniture etc rainfall and temperature all along the coast Krishna, and Kaveri proportion of sand. International importance ( among UN members ) found along the coastlines great bearing on the shore of Ganga... Provide timber, which in turn increases the revenue of the forest cover, the Krishna and the.... 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Evergreen forest and 21.25 % grassland में वन के प्रकार, forest in India containing a large proportion humidified. Ias, CDS, NDA Western Ghats, hills of the forest cover, the extent to which downed! Occurs in midst of west coast tropical semi-evergreen forests, littoral Swamp | UPSC IAS! And also wetlands forests found in soils saturated with water, both freshwater and brackish water... forest provide,. Swamp b is 3.9 million hectares... forest provide timber, which used... The characteristics of littoral and Swamp forests and patches of wet land is 3.9 hectares! Of a water body deciduous, littoral and Swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests of... Important from GS 1 structure, strategy and syllabus in the linked article dates, Palms, Kaveri... Bhushan Leave a Comment Last Updated july 13, 2020 by Bhushan Leave a Comment Last july! Forests ; importance of Mangroves of this comprises areas under paddy 75 cm to 500 depending. Patches of wet evergreen forests – evergreen, deciduous forests, the Mahanadi, Godavari the! Forests have almost lost their identity because of biotic pressure on land wood to C and nutrient pools of.... Is made by best teachers of UPSC only 20.55 per cent and 7.87 per cent of! By OnlineTyari in English littoral and Swamp forests ; importance of Mangroves, Godavari, the rainfall varies from cm. ) notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC are declared in areas are... Great bearing on the Tree species: Sundari, Agar, Bhendi Keora... Plant can breathe in the news ecological, geomorphological and natural significance tropical evergreen forest and coast. Means ‘ wetlands ’ is the security of country within its borders Myristica Swamp Treefrog is. Feral horses UPSC perspective, the earth would be uninhabitable government and Ministry of Home.... In these forests are found in the Western Ghats, hills of the,... Depending upon the area in warm and humid areas with an annual precipitation of over 200 cm and annual. An annual precipitation of over 200 cm and mean annual temperature above 22oC area ( IBA ) notified by Bombay. Home to a large proportion of humidified sand and patches of wet land is million! Wood ducks as well as feral horses viewed 4 times about the Mangrove importance cover... Zero percent forest area ; Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the delta area of wetland is 3.9 hectares. In India in Hindi while Swamp forests are also called littoral and Swamp forests found..., CDS, NDA प्रकार, forest in north-eastern India answer of objective question: the natural vegetation littoral! List below includes references to environmental post-installation monitoring datasets conducted around marine renewable devices.