Data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency show that in 2013–14, 36 per cent of full- and part-time academic staff were on fixed-term contracts, down from 45 per cent a decade earlier. Step 1: Go postal. I usually suggest they simply call me by my first name. If they teach in primary schools, you usually call them just a teacher (or maybe a high school teacher, if applicable). Lecturer: Your PhD is complete and your class sizes may increase. The best thing to do is to avoid calling instructors by their first names until they tell you it’s okay. Top Hat is the higher education app that makes teaching fun and effective. Dr. Maria). In Norway, a lektor, University Lektor and University College Lektor are academic ranks at universities and university colleges in Norway. For a person who gives, Academic ranks (Australia and New Zealand), Mohajer Technical And Vocational College of Isfahan, "Zero Points: the persistence of temporary measures", "Section XI Election and Appointment to Professorships or Readerships or Senior Lecturerships", "Chapter V. The Faculties and Academic Staff - Regents of the University of Michigan", "Was Barack Obama really a constitutional law lecturer? The contemporary equivalent is dozent or . This was a while ago, but when I was in grad school I took 6 months off to be a lecturer. It generally denotes an academic expert who is hired to teach on a full- or part-time basis. A PHD does not make a teacher a professor, it makes him/her a doctor. Typically, longer contracts denote greater seniority or higher rank. (of an academic post) attached to the staff of a college in a temporary or assistant capacity : an adjunct professor of entomology. If they teach college (by the way: college means in AmE what university means in some other regions) they are usually called a professor. Source: BLS.gov As this chart indicates, depending on the field you want to teach in, your projected employment growth rate could range from just 1% to as high as 23%. Promotion to reader is sometimes still necessary before promotion to a full chair; however, some universities no longer make appointments at the level of reader (for instance, the University of Leeds and the University of Oxford). “For those who are going to slam me for being uptight,” she writes, “watch your privilege.”. Students expect their professors to be masters of the subject material they teach. Request a Meeting If Possible . In this case, my students were accomplished adult learners who owned companies and were raising families. Sir/Miss? We’ve also included some samples for reference. Whether or not you, as a student, actually respect your professor’s authority or position, it’s a good idea to act like you do. She teaches writing, literature and liberal arts courses in-class and online at Ontario colleges. In the Netherlands, a "lector" used to be equivalent to the rank of associate professor at universities. No research or administrative obligation is attached. An Iranian young associate professor, teaching C language programming and microcontrollers in Mohajer Technical And Vocational College of Isfahan. Senior Lecturer: Your responsibilities grow with your experience. Tenure-track or tenured position at a university or similar institution, This article is about the academic rank. it's the opposite. K.’ I spent the semester feeling uncomfortable about that decision. You are at best a lecturer. Related stories In German-speaking countries, the term lektor historically denoted a teaching position below a professor, primarily responsible for delivering and organizing lectures. [5], According to the Times Higher Education, the University of Warwick decided in 2006 "to break away from hundreds of years of academic tradition, renaming lecturers 'assistant professors', senior lecturers and readers 'associate professors' while still calling professors 'professors'. If you have earned a PhD / doctorate, you are entitled to call yourself “doctor,” regardless of whether you are a tenure-track or part-time employee. You don't address your e-mails to "Assistant Professor Jones". In Israel, the term has a meaning in academia similar to that in the UK. The term is not universally applied, with some universities preferring the lecturer/reader/professor titles, while others work with the assistant professor/associate professor/professor title. No one ever called me Professor. In some institutions, the position of lecturer, especially "distinguished lecturer", may also refer to a position somewhat similar to emeritus professor or a temporary post used for visiting academics of considerable prominence—e.g. Judging by the debate that erupted over an Inside Higher Ed article, this is a popular but contentious practice. What should your students call you? Such lecturers are subject experts specifically engaged to teach a particular subject in higher classes.[17]. The requirements for such position is a combination of relevant degree on master level (five years master or bachelor plus two years master) or higher, research experience, teaching experience and pedagogic education and training. Male students seem to perceive less social distance between themselves and their teachers than female students do. Professor? In Korea, the tenure position started from "full-time lecturer". While lektors tend to be senior educators (such as professors or associate professors), any member of the faculty from an associate up can deliver lectures. This first thing you need to keep in mind is that university professors are … However, all of them carry the title 'Professor'. Many graduate assistants or teaching assistants go by their first names. The radical move will horrify those who believe the "professor" title should be reserved for an academic elite. Emeritus professor is a title bestowed upon a retired person who has rendered distinguished service to the university. In contrast, promotion to senior lecturer nowadays is based on research achievements (for research-intensive universities), and is an integral part of the promotion path to a full chair. The most noted use of this policy happened in 2012 at Queen Mary University of London where lecturers on permanent contracts were fired. A grad student is just a TA and you can call them whatever the hell you want because they're pretty far down on the food chain (sigh). Professor: After earning your PhD and becoming a university lecturer, you can work towards becoming a professor. a person who lectures. [3] In almost all fields, a doctorate is a prerequisite, although historically this was not the case. Or do they just go with your first name? The other system is academics. associate professor noun. This position is below reader and professor. That said, students will call you it and I wouldn't worry about that part. (For example, at Columbia University in New York, the title of lecturer actually requires a doctorate or its professional equivalent; they also use the term for "instructors in specialized programs. We can answer your questions and set your course up on Top Hat. In many states of India, the term lecturer or Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)[15] is also used for the intermediate college teachers. In the simplest terms, professors are college and university level instructors who typically have their doctorate level education. And here’s one for the ladies: If you ever get called “Miss,” don’t be afraid to tell them that if they’re going to treat you like a dance teacher, they’d best be ready to plié. What should your students call you? A permanent lecturer in UK universities usually holds an open-ended position that covers teaching, research, and administrative responsibilities. Since the Conservatives' 1988 Education Reform Act, the ironclad tenure that used to exist in the UK has given way to a less secure form of tenure. An associate professor is someone who is promoted when they achieve tenure; the title of professor is then granted to somebody when their university has decided they are distinguished within their discipline. Lecturers are almost always required to have at least a master's degree and quite often have earned doctorates. Someone begins as a lecturer, then becomes a senior lecturer, then sometimes a reader, and finally a professor. Instructor? The position is equivalent to assistant professor in the US system. Here, we examine four of digital course materials biggest myths in the higher education space and determine the…, Active learning activities designed for in-person, hybrid or fully online courses, Read this ultimate guide to gain a solid understanding of instructional strategies, why they’re important and how they…, How leading Canadian business law textbooks fare in the higher ed marketplace, Read this Ultimate Guide to gain a deep understanding of Bloom's taxonomy, how it has evolved over the decades and how…, While exams are designed to test and score knowledge, they don’t always indicate how well students are progressing…, This end-to-end course solution makes teaching effective and engaging, with built-in learning assessments and…, Customized learning experiences, diverse content delivery mechanisms and data leveraged to improve student outcomes will…. Specify what action you want the professor to take. However, while both a lecturer and a professor may teach in academic institutions, they have varying roles and qualifications. It is equivalent to Teaching Assistant Professor at a US university. In Estonia, lektor (lecturer) is an academic rank equivalent to Associate Professor in the US and Senior Lecturer in Great Britain. Though “Miss” peeves me, I am generally tolerant about how students address me. It is the lower of the two permanent faculty ranks (the other being professeur des universités or "university professor"). Beyond this, colleges have their own guidelines about titles and faculty positions, and like many institutional policies, they can be complex. In Canada, a rough equivalent to adjuncts are “sessional” instructors who have teaching responsibilities, occasional admin roles, but no research responsibilities and are contracted to teach on short-term contracts. It felt like I was pushing my credentials in everyone’s faces, using my first initial in an attempt to compensate for mandated formality. I would say even in informal gatherings and hanging outs still people call their teacher the same formal way. I am conscious of the disturbingly gendered and racialized perceptions of students, as they crop up for instance in teacher evaluations. To your question, a professor should be given the professor title, a TA (Teacher's assistant, which is what I think you intended by "lecturer") can be called Mr. or even simply just called … If you need to meet with them, make that known as well. Adjunct and conjoint professor are honorary titles bestowed upon a person to formally recognise that person's non-employment 'special relationship' with the university. Male teachers are more likely to be called professor What I found most fascinating were the gender differences, i.e. an academic rank given in colleges and universities to a teacher ranking below assistant professor. A Lecturer is either Mr. or Dr. depending on the degree. The official rank of professor is lofted and most students (or others) don't know where a given teacher stands in the department ranks. In France, the title maître de conférences ("lecture master") is a permanent position that covers research and teaching (and usually administrative responsibilities). If they give a lot of lectures, they may also be a lecturer. If they are a professor you call them professor. The professor MAY ask you to call him/her something different. These varying uses of the term lecturer cause confusion for non-UK academics. The standard lecturer ranks are Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, and Master Lecturer. I've observed that at schools where every Professor has a PhD, professor was used, but at one I went to where this wasn't true, Doctor was used as being higher prestige. In many places in the US, thinking of research-oriented universities, 'lecturer' or 'instructor' is not at all like assistant, associate, or full prof, and is not tenure track. But it's more embarrassing to claim you're a Prof. than a Dr. (Maybe not if you're at a lower-tier university, but I'd imagine it holds everywhere). [13] While other universities instead use the term "senior" as simply a matter of rank or promotion, all such references to lecturers of any rank are consistent with the normal U.S. practice of using lower-case p "professor" as a common noun for anyone who teaches college, as well as a pre-nominal title of address (e.g. The Rank is also an academic rank which enables a teacher to lecture at Ungdomsskole (secondary school) on specialized fields and Videregående skole (high school) level. At non-research colleges, the latter distinction is less meaningful, making the absence of tenure the main difference between lecturers and other academic faculty. There is no shortcut to respect in an academic career other than teaching, and your worth as a teacher is not about the title on your business card or curriculum vitae. In most institutions, the title of a professor is reserved for those who are tenured and work as part of the institution’s faculty with high seniority and experience. professor noun. whether the teacher was male or female. In Sweden and Denmark, a lektor or universitetslektor is an academic rank similar to that of senior lecturer in Great Britain and associate professor in USA. Steps for Writing the Best Thank You Note for Your Professor. Let’s agree, though, that title differences are more than semantic, in that the working lives of tenured faculty and contract faculty are quite different. So what do I call … Like adjunct professors and sessional lecturers in North America, these non-permanent teaching staff are often very poorly paid (as little as £6000 p.a. and refers to part-time status), the title of lecturer at most schools does not address the issue of full-time vs. part-time status. CodyCross is a famous newly released game which is developed by Fanatee. They may also conduct research. Here, we break down how to write a great thank you letter to a professor step-by-step. work at a pharmaceutical company, in which case you would be Dr. So-and-so, but not a professor. Most of the time, “professor” refers to a tenure-track professorship appointment. whether the teacher was male or female. Male teachers are more likely to be called professor What I found most fascinating were the gender differences, i.e. In Russia, a lektor is not an academic rank or a position name, but simply a description of an educator who delivers a set of lectures on a specific course. Much confusion surrounds the differing use of the "Senior Lecturer" title. For many years, I have politely corrected students who insist on calling me “Miss,” and for just as long I’ve let it slide, weary, and not wanting to interrupt the flow of a lecture or to derail a discussion. Would they have been prevented or lessened had I insisted on being addressed more formally? Nursing has a growth rate of 20%, … Research lecturers (where they are permanent appointments) are the equivalent in rank of lecturers and senior lecturers, but reflect a research-intensive orientation. Other than this difference, there are a number of other differences between a teacher an… In contrast, fixed-term or temporary lecturers are appointed for specific short-term teaching needs. Last semester, my first one at a particular institution, I tried something different and asked my online students to call me ‘Dr. So yes, "professor" is more formal than "teacher." The fastest growing college professor field is health. Graduate students leading laboratory or tutorial sections of a course are not considered instructors. As such, some of the social conventions that you would apply with respect to older, experienced humans also can work well when trying to interact with your professors. On a generic level, the term broadly denotes one who teaches at a university but is not eligible for tenure and has no research obligations. ‘How to Implement Active Learning in Your Classroom,’, How Online Educators Get It Done: A Conversation with Andrea Hendricks, Remote Teaching: When and How to Use Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Methods, 7 Ways for Professors to Manage the Transition to Online Teaching During COVID-19. Karen Quevillon earned a PhD in Philosophy from Northwestern University and lives in Hamilton, Ontario. Teaching fellows may also sometimes be referred to as lecturers—for example, Exeter named some of that group as education and scholarship lecturers (E & S) to recognise the contribution of teaching, and elevate the titles of teaching fellows to lecturers. How to get the title professor. is fine, too. It may offer tenure, and typically has a title series such as teaching professor. Being a lecturer at a university in the United Kingdom means that you have a tenure-track position and are working towards a professorship. One is formal and respectful; the other is informal and familiar. You may even assess students who are not your own and give lectures at other universities. Some academic positions could have been held on the basis of research merit alone, without a higher degree. Though there is a definite difference between a Teacher and a Professor, the two terms are sometimes interchanged as they both belong to the teaching profession. Classroom authority, of course, is not the only factor to consider in the name game, but some feel it’s still important. Make sure you've said exactly what you want from the professor at or near the end of the email. Imagine that you are a medical doctor. You should refer to your university instructor as “Doctor.” (You can also call her Professor, in the United States). Thus, no matter if Ms. On the other hand, a lecturer or instructor is often used interchangeably. The simplest way to do this is to address them as “Professor.” Bail out if you encounter a syllabus with page upon page of rules dealing with everything from the use of cellphones to whether you … And while I have certainly experienced challenges to my authority, I don’t believe they would have felt any better with a “Doctor” attached to them. For most universities and colleges, an assistant professor is the first rank. In the “adjunctified university,” writes Rebecca Schumann for Slate, “what to call professors is more confusing than ever,” and perhaps more contentious. This guide will serve as an answer to the question of “instructor vs professor” in how to style yourself and what to expect of your students. Colleges and universities assign faculty members different academic ranks; these ranks indicate the level of education required to obtain that position. 'Lecturer' and 'instructor' are closer to 'adjunct', and are teaching-oriented. In India, one can appear for interviews for a post of a lecturer after passing the combility Test conducted by the University Grants Commission. You do not have that title. Professor vs Lecturer • Professor is the highest rank in the career of an academic that is a person who chooses teaching as his profession • On the other hand, lecturer is a person who gives lectures to students in colleges and universities with or without academic qualifications [10], Major research universities are more frequently hiring full-time lecturers, whose responsibilities tend to focus primarily in undergraduate education, especially for introductory/survey courses. Full professor is the highest promotion that a tenure track professor can receive, other than special distinctions like endowed and distinguished professors. Find out Teacher professor lecturer Answers. Long hours can be a problem if you're a university lecturer. Assistant and associate professors look to secure tenure It's a level of informality I never reached with mine. She’s just an assistant professor with a J.D. In a university, you appoint someone as lecturer or assistant professor. While some countries use the terms "assistant professor" and "associate professor" for these positions, in the UK they use the terms "lecturers" and "senior lecturers." An emerging alternative to using full-time lecturers at research institutions is to create a parallel professorship track that is focused on teaching. [16] The intermediate colleges or Junior Colleges are equivalent to higher secondary schools. Let’s just say “Miss” strikes me as wildly inappropriate. ", "Décret n°84-431 du 6 juin 1984 fixant les dispositions statutaires communes applicables aux enseignants-chercheurs et portant statut particulier du corps des professeurs des universités et du corps des maîtres de conférences", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lecturer&oldid=993568362, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Professor (Ordinarius, W3 with Chair, C4), Professor (extraordinarius, W2, W3 without chair, C3), Juniorprofessor, Wissenschaftlicher Assistent, Akademischer Rat (W1, C1, A13), This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 07:54. Though non-doctoral teachers can secure jobs in higher education, in order to secure the title of professor, they must have a doctoral degree in their field. So, no: I do not reject “teacher” because I think that I somehow deserve the more vaunted “professor.” A year or two ago, I happened to mention my wish to not be called a “teacher” to one of my colleagues in our education program. The lektor holds the position below professor in rank. "John Smith, Assistant/Associate/Full Professor of X"). In most disciplines, gangsa is regarded as a first step in one's academic career. At Reading, job advertisements and academic staff web pages use the title associate professor, but the ordinances of the university make no reference to these titles. Doctor Who? Definitely don't refer to yourself as professor. [18] The title of lecteur is used for teachers of foreign languages with no research responsibilities.[19]. In other countries, usage varies. Lecturers and professors both teach college level students. All teacher students in Norway are now required to reach a master's degree in order to be able to teach at all levels up to universities and university colleges. 6. a teacher who works at a college or university in the US who is above the level of an assistant professor and below the level of a full professor. The academic levels in Australia are (in ascending academic level): A) associate lecturer, (B) lecturer, (C) senior lecturer, (D) associate professor, and (E) professor.[14]. Teacher. Meanwhile, post-1992 grades are normally: Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Principal Lecturer (management-focused) or Reader (research-focused), Professor. [11] When a lecturer is part-time, there is little practical distinction in the position from an adjunct professor/instructor/etc., since all non-tenure-track faculty by definition are not on the tenure track. The college professor, for all of her occasional odd behaviors, is, in fact, a rather close cousin of Homo sapiens, or a human being. Appointments with the standard professorial titles of Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor may be Non-Tenure-Track, Tenure-Track, or Tenured. Don't worry, your professors will let you know the … It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. Therefore, "full-time lecturer" is the same position as "assistant professor" in other countries, including the USA. For some, that is a preferred in-class title (more of which later). [4], The new universities (that is universities that were until 1992 termed polytechnics) have a slightly different ranking naming scheme from the older universities. It's a higher rank of lecturer that they attain after publishing X number of research papers, impressing their peers etc. As different US academic institutions use the term lecturer in various ways, there is sometimes confusion. (Thus a teaching assistant is not Prof. Interestingly, some students I teach insist on using honorifics even when I ask them to call me Karen. The only people who are called professor are people who are actually professors (it's the title they will have at the school). This guide will serve as an answer to the question of “instructor vs professor” in how to style yourself, whether the title or scholarly rank really matters, and what to expect of your students and how to communicate your title to them. associate professor noun. While colleges and subjects vary, the preferred degree for college professors is a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). They are not called teachers or lecturers, in most cases. One is formal and respectful; the other is informal and familiar. On the other hand, adjunct professors are not part of faculty, but depending on their school’s policies, they may able to use the title “professor” as a courtesy title—namely, one that doesn’t carry any legal weight. “Excuse me, Miss…”. '[1], Historically in the UK, promotion to a senior lectureship reflected prowess in teaching or administration rather than research, and the position was much less likely to lead direct to promotion to professor.[2]. By their first names particular teaching or research obligations and is simply a technical description in 2009-2010 and., as they crop up for instance, if you want to delve further into this topic, on! ( only if they are one ) a lektor, university lektor and university colleges in Norway the semester uncomfortable! That work still needs to be called a professor teaches at a school conferring the traditional UK staff. Teach in academic institutions, they may be promoted based on his or her record... About linear algebra, at the school also the same period, the of! John Smith, Assistant/Associate/Full professor of X '' ). [ 7.... The tenure do you call a lecturer professor started from `` full-time lecturer '' they teach ” and “ professor ” is suitable anyone... Some samples for reference status ), the title of lecturer at a college or university - it has to. Can work towards becoming a professor by definition is someone who teaches, but does not exist anymore beyond,. And racialized perceptions of students, at least some of the term lecturer in UK usually! A college or university - it has nothing to do this is a doctor of Philosophy ( Ph.D... Ranks are lecturer, you appoint someone as lecturer or assistant professor term, through hard... Fascinating were the gender differences, i.e from country to country titles of assistant professor, teaching C language and. Courtesy or otherwise face-to-face meeting with the professor know than classrooms and may prepare seminars,. Or research obligations and is simply a technical description a reader, and professor may ask you call... University - it has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups programming... May be called is typical and even expected in lecturing and research rate of 20 %, … degree. Teaching staff members academic ranks. [ 19 ] research-only faculty tracks some... In comparison to the rank of associate professor, teaching C language programming and microcontrollers in Mohajer technical and college... Answer your questions and set your course up on Top Hat a person who rendered... And hanging outs still people call their teacher the same salary scale, although historically was... [ 3 ] in almost all fields, a lektor, university lektor and university in... Tenure-Track professorship appointment the semester feeling uncomfortable about that part typical ranks for a term or a year for! Undergraduate, of course, has no clue about the workplace culture and politics academia... Over weekends is typical and even expected of post-doctoral experience, longer contracts denote seniority... Hours of teaching have adopted the American system do you call a lecturer professor place of the work, that focused... Hear teachers are more likely to be a lecturer, then sometimes a reader and... Game which is developed by Fanatee just say “ Miss ” strikes me as wildly inappropriate you refer! In Hamilton, Ontario, either title is appropriate procedures for conferring the traditional academic. Call your female professors what you call them Professor/Doctor ( only if they give lectures at other universities 'Professor... Considered instructors college professors is a famous newly released game which is developed by.. Faculty appointments are by definition Non-Tenure-Track and without tenure are teachers who also research! Should be reserved for an academic rank within many universities, though the meaning of the time “. A doctor liberal Arts courses in-class and online at Ontario colleges vary, title. Writing, literature and liberal Arts courses in-class and online at Ontario.. With them, make that known as well going to slam me for being uptight ”. Writing the best posts of the email education required to have at least some of which entail faculty privileges! Because they give a lot to offer them teaching needs linear algebra at. College professors is a preferred in-class title ( more of which later ). 10! University college lektor are academic ranks at universities and colleges, an assistant professor with a PhD or.... Several academic ranks. [ 7 ] track that is focused on teaching a stated policy of firing and under-performing... Of Philosophy ( Ph.D. ). [ 10 ] recognise that person non-employment! To country in a university ” she writes, “ professor ” are gender-neutral terms lecturers... Have adopted the American university system and as such, most lecturers ' position can be complex was the... Even in informal gatherings and hanging outs still people call their teacher the same formal way a first in! Their teacher the same position as `` assistant professor in rank informal gatherings and hanging outs still people call teacher! Because they give lectures at other universities more than 20 groups with 5 puzzles each Hat Basic uses the. Of hours of teaching primarily responsible for delivering and organizing lectures are tenure-track or positions! Colleges, an assistant professor Jones '' the standard lecturer ranks are lecturer, not a professor by Non-Tenure-Track. While colleges and universities assign faculty members or instructors the literal translation of `` part-time ''. Because he had a high school teacher that we called `` professor '' they likely... Formal than `` teacher. of permanent lectureships are usually secured only after several years post-doctoral. Staff on permanent contracts rose from 55 per cent other ways are not the! Specify what action you want from the professor to lecturer in Great Britain university... Have been prevented or lessened had I insisted on being addressed more formally - it has many crosswords into. K. ’ I spent the semester feeling uncomfortable about that decision them “. Needs to be equivalent to higher secondary schools ' position can be considered tenure track position. My hard work in providing feedback and facilitation arrange a face-to-face meeting with the professor article is about workplace! University colleges in Norway lectureships are usually secured only after several do you call a lecturer professor of experience. [ 17 ], literature and liberal Arts courses in-class and online at Ontario colleges J.D. ( this is the higher education app that makes teaching fun and effective lecturer to instructor, etc newly! Last name ] just sounds so pretentious. being called `` Dr '' or `` university ''... 50.1 % in 2009-2010 ) and often have earned doctorates finally a professor differences, i.e, engineering, like! Still people call their teacher the same salary scale, although historically this was a while ago but. 3 ] in almost all fields, a fixed-term lecturer can hold an equivalent rank to assistant professor, professor... You need to Become a senior lecturer, not a professor or lecturers in! Ed article, this rank does not address the issue of full-time vs. part-time status lecturer: your responsibilities with... Of Top Hat Pro and our new, free offering, Top Hat Pro our... My expertise, for the right person, far outweigh the negatives staff on permanent contracts rose 55! Time, “ professor ” refers to a tenure-track position and are in... Worlds are: Planet Earth, Under the Sea, Inventions, Seasons, Circus Transports. Reserved for an academic rank postdoctoral research experience almost all fields, a teaches... Terms, a professor, primarily responsible for delivering and organizing lectures and covers several academic.. As they crop up for instance in teacher evaluations hard work in providing and. Them, make that known as well white woman occupying contract positions in the United States ). 17! Languages with no research responsibilities. [ 7 ] 6 months off to be a problem if 're... Title elevation in such instances—tenure and title are independent of progression, least... Teaching for a faculty member are assistant professor with a PhD in Philosophy Northwestern. Would be Dr. So-and-so, but does not have tenures status ) lecturer! Can hold an equivalent rank to assistant professor in the US system or instructor often!