Adolf Frederick himself was a younger son and was probably not expected to inherit his father’s titles. Fake? Adolf Frederick was born on the 14 th of May 1710, in Gottorp, Schleswig, Germany. ; 24 January 1712 – 17 August 1786) was King in Prussia (1740–1786) of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He also hoped that Maria Theresa would cede most of Silesia in return for a promise of Prussian support against her other enemies, but her refusal to do so made war inevitable. He is said to have been the progenitor of the Pelasgians (or Pelasgi), who are a mysterious people, as little is known for certain about them. Their Origins May Surprise You, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. Reign: 31 May 1740 – 17 August 1786. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. The death of the Russian Empress Elizabeth, who hated him, and the coronation of Peter III, who worshipped him, really saved Frederick. Updates? Everyone Knows the Mask of King Tut, but Have You Seen Any of the 5,000 Other Treasures from His Tomb? Frederick had left his kingdom at peace and prosperous. William II had succeeded to the throne on the death of his uncle Frederick the Great, in 1786. The Holy Roman emperor Charles VI, of the Austrian house of Habsburg, died on October 20, leaving as his heir a daughter, the archduchess Maria Theresa, whose claims to several of the heterogeneous Habsburg territories were certain to be disputed. A tremendously dramatic scene shows the king reviewing his army for the last time, and raising his trembling hand to the salute as the flag passes. Frederick the Great, while undoubtedly owing a great deal to the work his father had carried out on the army and state, brought his own unique talents to bear in improving the infantry and forging formidable assets out of the arms his father had neglected; principally the cavalry and the artillery, after the dismal performance of the Prussian cavalry at Mollwitz. He also emerged quickly as a leading exponent of the ideas of enlightened government, which were then becoming influential throughout much of Europe; indeed, his example did much to spread and strengthen those ideas. Wayland the Smith: The Lost Germanic Legend of the Flying Blacksmith, The Powerful Symbol of the Swastika and its 12,000 Year History, Ismail al-Jazari: Medieval Muslim Inventor and "Father of Robotics". Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). AKA Frederick Hohenzollern. Accession to the throne and foreign policy, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Frederick-II-king-of-Prussia, HistoryNet.com - Biography of Frederick The Great, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Frederick II, King of Prussia, AllMusic - Biography of Frederick the Great, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Frederick II, Frederick the Great - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Frederick the Great - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Frederick II (German: Friedrich II. Today in Masonic History: Adolf Frederick is Born. Frederick, Prince of Wales, KG (Frederick Louis; 1 February 1707 – 31 March 1751), was heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death from a lung injury at the age of 44. About Frederick the Great. Predecessor: Frederick William I. Under his leadership Prussia became one of the great states of Europe. And he travels with Isaac Newton, Peter the Great, and Abraham Lincoln, fighting just about everybody. Frederick succeeded to throne as Frederick II in 1740 after his father’s death. A Forgotten Sphinx and Faked Cartouche: Changing the Course of Ancient Egyptian History? He’s not Napoleon, but pretty damn close. Elizabeth's death was called the 'Second Miracle of the House of Brandenburg'. Please note that name. 9/ He was a master statesman – Frederick was not just a great military commander, but also a great King, statesman and ruler. One of the major causes of the war was Sweden’s desire to re-take Finland, which was occupied by Russia following the Great Northern War. The agreement included a novel clause, whereby the two leaders of the executive branches of either country guaranteed a special and humane detention for prisoners of war. Author of. His disappointment and contempt took the form of bitter public criticism and even outright physical violence, and Frederick, beaten and humiliated by his father, often over trifling details of behaviour, took refuge in evasion and deceit. Strangely, Hitler was hoping for such a change of heart in one of the Allies in 1944-45. Frederick, however, thanks to his father, had a fine army and ample funds at his disposal. Elizabeth's death was called the 'Second Miracle of the House of Brandenburg'. Frederick the Great was one of the most brilliant monarchs in German history. He was able to expand his kingdom at the expenses of his neighbours and he was to turn Prussia into a major European power. Whatever the reason, Mitford's last biography is simply wonderful. Within a few months he was given a chance to do so in a way that revolutionized Prussia’s international position. With the guidance of his son, Gustav (who later became King of Sweden as Gustav III), the king succeeded in scoring a small victory. Successor: Frederick William II. 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