Potassium phosphate is used to treat or prevent hypophosphatemia (low blood levels of phosphorus). The various metaphosphate ions (which are usually long linear polymers) have an empirical formula of (PO3)− and are found in many compounds. Phosphorus supplements and medications can be used in many ways. Phosphate molecules are usually found in combination with other elements, such as calcium, sodium, potassium, and aluminum. The small island nation of Nauru and its neighbor Banaba Island, which used to have massive phosphate deposits of the best quality, have been mined excessively. Uses Oseltamivir is used to treat symptoms caused by the flu virus (influenza). weight or 15 mg/m2 of b.d. AMP, ADP, and ATP) and in DNA and RNA. Uses. Phosphorous is used in many products, and is an essential ingredient in all fertilizers. Once used, it is often a limiting nutrient in environments, and its availability may govern the rate of growth of organisms. [2] The addition and removal of phosphate groups (phosphorylation and dephosphorylation) are key steps in cell metabolism. Phosphate is also used as a building block for several important substances, including those used by the cell for energy, cell membranes, and DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). This is generally true of freshwater environments, whereas nitrogen is more often the limiting nutrient in marine (seawater) environments. The three principal phosphate producer countries (China, Morocco and the United States) account for about 70% of world production. in many tobacco farming operations in the southeast US). Potassium phosphate and sodium phosphate is a combination medicine used to make the urine more acid to help prevent kidney stones. Naturally occurring inorganic phosphates are found in virtually every living thing, and synthetic phosphates are used in a wide variety of applications, including cleaning and baking products, as well as fertilizers. Nitrogen is part of the chlorophyll molecule and is needed for vegetative growth, but phosphorus promotes root growth, flowering and setting seed. A phosphate test is used to measure the level of phosphate in the blood. Phosphorous is contained in all body cells and is used for growth and repair of cells and tissues. Phosphate is a sedimentary rock formed millions of years ago by the accumulation of organic matter on the ocean floor. Trisodium phosphate, commonly called TSP, is a packaged, blended cleaning product consisting of 75- to 80-percent trisodium phosphate and 20- to 25-percent sodium carbonate. Potassium phosphate is sometimes added to intravenous (IV) fluids given to people who cannot eat or drink anything. They are also used in medicine for constipation and to prepare the bowel for medical procedures. The medicinal type (salt) of phosphorus is phosphate. In water solution, orthophosphoric acid and its three derived anions coexist according to the dissociation and recombination equilibria below[3]. Phosphate is the natural source of phosphorous, an element that provides a quarter of all the nutrients that plants need for their growth and development. Important Information. At OCP we adapt our phosphate resources to deliver customized fertilizers for the specific needs of local soil, climate and crops. Food-grade sodium phosphate is recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as safe for consumption. [18] As clay minerals promote biomineralization, the presence of bacteria and clay minerals resulted in calcium hydroxyapatite and calcite precipitates. This will help farmers understand what ‘right’ is for specific soils – and help them only ever use as much as they need. INDICATIONS. rate of phosphate, estimated economically extractable  Phosphate-loving algae flourished, removing much of the oxygen from the water due to their rapid reproduction, leaving other plant and animal life at risk. We work with leading researchers and technology providers to create bespoke fertilizers for farmers’ individual soils. Lesser quantities of salt and steel are produced, and construction materials, including stone and … This process is known as a phosphate blood test. [9] Phosphorus comprises 0.1% by mass of the average rock[10] (while, for perspective, its typical concentration in vegetation is 0.03% to 0.2%),[11] and consequently there are quadrillions of tons of phosphorus in Earth's 3 * 1019 ton crust,[12] albeit at predominantly lower concentration than the deposits counted as reserves from being inventoried and cheaper to extract; if it is assumed that the phosphate minerals in phosphate rock are hydroxyapatite and fluoroapatite, phosphate minerals contain roughly 18.5% phosphorus by weight and if phosphate rock contains around 20% of these minerals, the average phosphate rock has roughly 3.7% phosphorus by weight. Adults: 15 to 60 mg every 4 to 6 hours (usual adult dose, 30 mg). The phosphate or orthophosphate ion [PO4]3− is derived from phosphoric acid by the removal of three protons H+. Phosphate salts are also sometimes used as medicine, and they're generally regarded as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Disodium phosphate is a food additive that combines the minerals phosphate, or phosphorus, and sodium. This leads to higher crop yields and helps feed the planet more sustainably. It is also useful when plants are beginning to fruit, supplying nutrients to fuel larger fruit production. Superphosphate is a mineral phosphate fertilizer, which also contains a lot of useful microelements for plants: sulfur, magnesium, calcium and others. The term phosphate rock (or phosphorite) is used to denote any rock with high phosphorus content. Sodium phosphates have many applications in food and for water treatment. Around pH 9.8 (mid-way between the second and third pKa values) the monohydrogen phosphate ion, [HPO4]2−, is the only species present. In chemistry, a phosphate is an anion, salt, functional group or ester derived from a phosphoric acid. For the organophosphorus derivatives, see, InChI=1S/H3O4P/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H3,1,2,3,4)/p-3, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Kipton J. Powell, Paul L. Brown, Robert H. Byrne, Tamás Gajda, Glenn Hefter, Staffan Sjöberg, Hans Wanner (2005): "Chemical speciation of environmentally significant heavy metals with inorganic ligands. In ecological terms, because of its important role in biological systems, phosphate is a highly sought after resource. Some phosphates, which help cure many urinary tract infections, are used to make urine more acidic. Inorganic phosphate is generally denoted Pi and at physiological (homeostatic) pH primarily consists of a mixture of [HPO4]2− and [H2PO4]− ions. Smaller deposits are located in Montana, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina. Within North America, the largest deposits lie in the Bone Valley region of central Florida, the Soda Springs region of southeastern Idaho, and the coast of North Carolina. Most other phosphates are only slightly soluble or are insoluble in water. At a neutral pH, as in the cytosol (pH = 7.0), the concentrations of the orthophoshoric acid and its three anions have the ratios. A single phosphorus compound can be used in a broad range of applications, including pharmaceuticals, personal care products, industrial & institutional cleaners and other technical uses, such as in fire extinguishers. Phosphate reserves are found in Africa, North America, Kazakhstan, the Middle East and Oceania but the world’s largest deposits are located in Morocco, which is also one of the global leaders in phosphate extraction. These advanced, customized fertilizers will help the world improve the fertility of arable land, with less impact on the environment. Some phosphates are used to make the urine more acid, which helps treat certain urinary tract infections. When the needle goes in or out, one can feel a little pain. For details. At pH 13 or higher, the acid is completely dissociated as the phosphate ion, (PO4)3−. Phosphates are the naturally occurring form of the element phosphorus, found in many phosphate minerals. Potassium phosphate is sometimes added to intravenous (IV) fluids given to people who cannot eat or drink anything. The term also refers to the trivalent functional group OP(O-)3 in such esters. An important occurrence of phosphates in biological systems is as the structural material of bone and teeth. For example, sodium phosphates are often used as emulsifiers (as in processed cheese), thickening agents, and leavening agents for baked goods. In the food industry, it is utilized as an effective a buffering agent and chelating agent, which may also be used for yeast food, emulsifying salt, and a synergistic agent of antioxidation. These phosphorylation and dephosphorylation reactions are the immediate storage and source of energy for many metabolic processes. The hard dense enamel of mammalian teeth consists of fluoroapatite, a hydroxy calcium phosphate where some of the hydroxyl groups have been replaced by fluoride ions. Dipotassium phosphate is commonly used as an emulsifier, stabilizer and texturizer. Tricalcium phosphate is used in the toothpaste as a conditioning agent which helps the paste flow freely out of the tube. Some phosphate rock is used to make calcium phosphate nutritional supplements for animals. Potassium phosphate injection is a phosphate supplement that is used to treat or prevent hypophosphatemia (low phosphorus in the blood). During this period, use … Many phosphates are not soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure. Phosphorus supports the transfer of energy in plants, which is a different role from other plant nutrients, such as nitrogen. Phosphate can also be turned into phosphoric acid, which is used in everything from food and cosmetics to animal feed and electronics. 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